If you’ve been diagnosed with pelvic organ prolapse, your gynecologist or urologist may have referred to your condition as cystoceles, rectoceles, vaginal prolapse, enteroceles, or uterine prolapse. The different types of pelvic organ prolapse are named for the area of vaginal herniation or the pelvic organ that is herniating into the vaginal area. These conditions are most often linked to strain during childbirth, a hysterectomy, or aging. Pelvic prolapse surgery is one option for women who suffer from painful symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that women try nonsurgical treatment options or lifestyle changes before considering surgery. There are numerous alternative ways to treat prolapse conditions without surgery that are just as effective (if not more effective) and avoid the risk of serious complications. Surgical procedures for pelvic prolapse include:

  • Repair of the rectum and small bowel
  • Closure of the vagina
  • Repair of the vaginal wall
  • Removal of the uterus
  • Repair of a prolapsed bladder

Because pelvic organ prolapse is not a condition that necessarily worsens over time, there is no rush to resort to surgery. Prolapse may worsen certain conditions such as frequent constipation, persistent cough, pelvic tumors and obesity.

Complication Risks of Surgery 

The FDA issued a notification in 2008 advising doctors to inform patients that surgical mesh implantation is permanent, and that complications with pelvic mesh or bladder slings may require additional surgery that may or may not be successful. Some women have reported undergoing more than a dozen repair surgeries. Complications from mesh surgeries may permanently effect quality of life. The FDA believes that prolapse can be treated successfully without the use of surgical mesh.  Risks of complication include:

  • Mesh erosion, protrusion or extrusion
  • Recurrent prolapse
  • Stress urinary incontinence
  • Mesh contracture
  • Nerve damage
  • Infection and inflammation
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Scarring
  • Dyspareunia.

For many women, these painful complications arise during the first two years following surgery. If you have not suffered side effects or complications, there is no need to take further measures other than continuing to receive routine medical exams and follow up care. However, if you are experiencing complications, seek prompt medical care, and consider speaking to a lawyer about your rights.



  1. Cynthia Mcallister
    Mar 14, 2014 @ 10:12:26

    Have no idea what mesh was used but, have had many problems. Thanks for your time.


  2. Theresa
    Oct 17, 2014 @ 16:52:52

    Can a male suffer from a mesh implant for a hernia?


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